Glossary
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Abhyanga: A n anointment or massage. They are of many types and are one of the important procedures related to panchkarma.

Aakshepa : Siezeurs or convulsions that usually occur when one or the other way disturbs the brain’s function. These are involuntary movements of limbs, face etc and needs immediate attention.

Aama : The last product of food, which is poorly digested. Ayurveda considers this as the most harmful toxin.

Aamajavara : Fever occurred due to aama. Many refer this to rhumatic fever.

Aamashya : The stomach. A pouch like organ playing a prominent role in the process of digestion.

Aamashyashotha : An inflammation of stomach usually refers to gastritis.

Aamavata : Usually refers to rhumatic arthritis. The disease occurs when the ama meets Vata dosha and gets settled at different joints of the body.

Aamavatahara : The drug that cures rheumatoid arthritis.

Aantrika jvara : Fever related with intestinal trac, usually refers with enteric fever or typhoid.

Aasva : Ayurvedic formulae in which alcoholic presentation is obtained by process of fermentation.

Abhishyanda : The disease of eye in which the conjuctiva gets inflammation usually refers to cunjuctivitis.

Abhraka bhasma : Ash derived with special technique from mica; usually used upper respiratory tract infections.

Adhajihivika : Swelling of epiglottis, due to various conditions. Usually refers to epiglositis.

Adhatwaka : Subcutaneous; signifying beneath the skin.

Adhimantha : The disease of eye in which, there is an increased intraocular pressure.

Adhohanvasthi : The lower jaw, known as Mandible bone;

Adhrangaghata : The gaseous distention of the abdomen; usually refers to Tympanites;

Agada tantra : the study or science dealing with study of poisons usually refers to Toxicology;

Aganashya : The organ with the seat of agni (digestive fire). In modern science this refers to pancreas which is endocrine as well as exocrine. It is an important organ as it secrets insulin and glucagons.

Agni : The fire responsible for digestion. The digestive fire.

Agnijara : Agni jar is usually used for treating agnimandhya and falls in salt preparation category. It is excellent for hyperacidic patients when usually used with curd milk and added sugar

Agnikarma : Removal or destruction of tissue by application of heat usually refers to Cauterization;

Agnikumara rasa : Herbo-mineral formulae usually used in the treatment of fevers.

Agnitundi vati : Herbo-mineral preparation usually usually used to treat dyspepsia.

Agnivesha : Disciple of the great Atreya who is authour of Ayurvedic text named agnivesha Samhita.

Agranta : Anosmia; when sense of smell is absent.

Ahiphena : A drug that may come into the category of narcotics usually usually used to treat gastro intestinal problem in ayurveda.

Ahiputna : A disease in which there is pruritis or itching of the anus in children.

Ahitundika : A diseased state where the growth of the child is retarded.

Ajirna : Poor digestion usually refers to dyspepsia or indigestion.
Ajkajata: A disease of eye in which there is iris prolapse.

Ajmonda : An Ayurvedic drug that is carminative and emmenagouge.

Akasha : One of the five great elements usually refers to the ether or space.

Akshkasthi : Clavicle; commonly known as collar bone.

Alaji : A painful mouth eruption emitting discharge

Alochaka pitta : One of the types of pitta dosha among five that is dealing with vision.

Amalaki : Indian gooseberry, one of the ingredients of triphala. It is laxative and also best rejuvenator.

Amaruta : it means nector and also usually used as synonym of many drugs like guduchi, haritaki etc.

Amla : The sour taste as of lemons is one of the six tastes.

Amrita haritaki : An Ayurvedic drug in which Haritaki is main ingredient usually usually used in the treatment of indigestion and malabsorption.

Amritadi guggul : The herbo-mineral combination of guggulu and amruta usually used in the treatment of diarrhea, hyperacidity and hemorrhoids.

Amutrata : Very less micturation usually refers to anuria.
Anadravashoola: A abdominal pain related with poor digestion.

Anartava : Absence of menstruation after the usual age of puberty and before the menopause usually refers to amenorrhea;

Anantavata : The trigeminal nerve that runs at various part of the face gets affected and produces disease usually refers with Trigeminal neuralgia; severe pain in the face lying across the distribution

Andakosha : Reproductive organ of male testes; glandular organs, which secrete semen.

Angaghata : Severe disfunction of a particular organ usually refers to paralysis.

Anidra : Disturbed or no sleep usually refers to Insomnia.

Anjannamika : Extenal hordeolum or stye; inflammation of the follicle of the eyelash.

Ansaphalkashti : A bone backs to shoulder blade the- Scapula bone.

Anu taila : An Ayurvedic oil formula usually used for administration is nasal diseases.

Anujanghasthi : The thigh bone known as fibula.

Anulomana : The quality of the drug that helps in expulsion of the gas (like hingu), can be correlated with Carminative.

Anupana : The medium or vehicle taken with the principle drug for better absorption like water, milk etc.

Anyadushaka jvara : Quotidian fever, one of the sannipata jwara (mix fevers)

Aoshtha : The lips.

Apamarga kshara : An alkali preparation of apamarga drug usually for asthma.

Apanavayu : One of the types of vata dosha governing downward actions in the body.

Apasamvendana : Paraesthesia; in which there is feeling of tingling and numbness in the limbs.

Apasmara : The epilepsy generally causually used by abnormal electrical activity of the brain.

Apgharshana : Rubbing of dry powder over the body.

Apra : The placenta; through which the foetus gets all the nutrition from mother.

Aptanaka : The tetany it is high excited state of muscles.

Aptya marga : The human birth-canal.

Apushti : An atrophy; in which there is decrease in size and activity of an organ or muscle.

Arbuda : The tumour or swelling includes both malignant and benign.

Ardhavabhedaka : The headache confined to one side of the head along with nausea and vomiting can be correlated to Migraine;

Ardita : The Bell’s palsy also known as facial paralysis, causually used by malfunctioning of facial nerve.

Arishta : An alcoholic preparation obtained by process of fermentation oftenly gets confusually used with asava.

Arjuna : One of the best drugs for heart. The Indian herb. The other meaning is subconjunctival hemorrhage.

Arochka : Also known as aruchi. It is anorexia; impaired appetite.

Arogayvardhini vati : The herbo-mineral preparation usually used in the treatment of liver diseases and also for rejuvenation purpose.

Arsha : Hemorrhoids or piles; causually used by varicosity of the veins supplying the anal region.

Artava : The menstrual fluid considered to be the last dhatu assence of the body.

Artavantrakala : The intermenstrual period.

Artvajanana : Emmenagouge; drug that helps in menstrual flow.

Arundutta : An Ayurvedic scholar in ancient days.

Ashmari : Stone or calculus either in kidney or gall bladder stone.

Ashmaribhedana : Antilithic, lithontriptic; medicinal agent that helps in crushing or dissolving stone or calculus.

Ashtakatvara taila : An Ayurvedic oily formula usually used in the treatment of sciatica.

Ashtamahagada : The group of eight diseases with grave prognosis.

Ashtanga lavana : Powdered preparation of various salts usually used in the treatment of loss of appetite in alcoholism.

Ashtangayurveda : The Ayurvedic science having eight branches.

Ashthila : An enlarged prostate; also know as benign prostatic hypertrophy. It is most common in elderly age group.

Ashwagandha : One of the best drugs available. It is proven anti-depressant and also usually used as rejuvenator.

Ashwakanchuki rasa : The herbomineral preparation usually used in the treatment of lumbago.

Asrigdara : Menorrhagia and metrorrhagia,

Astayma : Incompatibility and not appropriate.

Asthi : Bones.

Asthibhagna : Fracture of bones.

Asthishrankhla : Indian herb that promotes union of fractured bones.

Atidirgha : The gigantism; excess growth could be due to hormonal imbalance.

Atihrasva : Dwarfism; retarded growth could be due to hormonal imbalance.

Atipravirti : Any thing over or extra, tendency to flow in excess.

Atisara : Diarrhoea or loose motions.

Audbhida lavana : A type of one of the five salts.

Ausadha : The drugs or medicine.

Avarnashkula : The disease of an eye usually refers to corneal opacity.

Avbahuka : Severe pain in arm usually refers to brachial neuralgia.

Avipattikara Churana : Powdered formulae usually used in the treatment of gastro intestinal disorders.

Avlambaka kapha : One of the five types of Kapha dosha present in lungs and heart responsive for lubrication in the chest.


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