Hysterectomy refers to partial or full removal of the uterus. After such a surgery, a woman cannot have a child and will no longer have menstrual periods. In some cases, the fallopian tubes and the ovaries are also removed during the operation.
Supracervical – the upper part of the uterus is only removed but the cervix is still there.
Total – the whole uterus and the cervix is removed.
Radical – this is done mostly on cancer patients and the process is there to take out the whole uterus, the tissue of the cervix and the upper portion of the vagina.
The 2nd most common surgery in the United States is Hysterectomy. Whenever you are told by your doctor that you need a hysterectomy, you should ask him about the possible risks of the surgical procedure, the treatment options and also try to get a second opinion from the doctors.
The structure and condition of one woman is different from another woman. So what will be the best treatment method for one woman might not be the best one for another woman having the same medical condition.
The recovery period from a hysterectomy is quite long. It does take a lot of time to recover after this surgery. The woman needs to stay in the hospital for at least 2 days for post – operative care. If the hysterectomy is done for reasons of cancer, then the stay at the hotel will be a bit longer. The recovery time from abdominal surgery is around six weeks and it takes around 4 weeks to recover from laparoscopic surgery.
There is, no doubt, some degree of risks associated with hysterectomy. Majority of the women do not have any health problems after the surgery but some of the risks associated with this surgery are – heavy bleeding, infection, fatal blood clot in lungs and/or legs, allergic reactions to medicines and early menopause.
Women who undergo partial hysterectomy should undergo regular pap tests to detect any occurrence of cervical cancer. The frequency of the pap tests will be determined by your doctor. The other exams that your doctor might advise are pelvic exams and mammograms.