A great cosmetic concern, especially among women, melasma is condition when the skin on the face manifests itself with discolouration as a result of exposure to the sun. These brownish or greyish patches may not be a great concern when it comes to skin health, but is a great cause of worry for women as they are very unsightly and damage one’s self esteem.
A number of factors come into play in the development of melasma. It is a very common occurrence in pregnant women. Women who are under oral pills and are undergoing hormone treatment also get melasma. The fact that mealsma mostly appears on areas like the forehead, nose, upper cheeks, upper lips etc., areas which are very important factors that decide the beauty of a woman, makes it very important to treat it and remove it as fast as possible.
Melasma can be a symptom of thyroid deficiency. It can also be caused due to cosmetic allergies. Some people are just genetically disposed to this condition which is unfortunate. Sometimes, stress too can be a causative factor that leads to melasma.
Pregnancy related melasma repairs on its own after delivery. Certain other forms of melasma too can set itself right if you are lucky enough. If the melasma does not repair itself and if it has become a great beauty concern for you, there are many home remedies that you can look at before choosing the best treatment for melasma.
Effective Home Remedies for Melasma
1. Treatment of Melasma with Hydroquinone
Hydroquinone is an effective bleaching agent that is used to reduce and remove skin pigmentation and other discolouration of the skin. Hydroquinone can be acquired from the chemist’s or from cosmetic shops. Apply a hydroquinone based cream with at least 4% hydroquinone every day in the morning and evening to reduce the severity of melasma and lighten it beyond recognition. Lightening the melasma is a huge relief for many women who love smooth and clear skin as part of their personality.
2. Removal of Melasma with Sunscreen Lotion
Sunscreen lotion is an essential cosmetic requirement and hence can be found in every woman’s shelf. Most cases of melasma is due to over exposure to sun’s rays. Using a sunscreen whenever you step out in the sun itself will prevent patchy discolouration of the skin associated with melasma.
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Apply a sunscreen with more than SPF 30 at least half an hour before you are in the sun. This will prevent excessive melanin concentration on the skin and also offer great protection from UV radiation.
3. Essential Oil, a Great Remedy for Melasma
The divine qualities of essential oil on skin are known the world over. For treating melasma affected skin, we can use the good benefits of tea tree oil and lavender oil. Mix equal quantities of both and apply on the melasma affected areas several times a day. Leave it on for perfect removal of melasma.
Lavender oil is used for skin regeneration and also for removing hyper pigmentation and scar formations due to acne. Tea tree oil is also a great remedy for dark patches of skin and removing blemishes. Sensitive skin especially benefits from the usage of tea tree oil. Application of this mixture every day for two weeks will provide great improvement in melasma.
4. Lemon Juice as a Melasma Remedy
For a skin with brown patches, lemon juice offers the perfect solution. The acidic qualities of lemon will peel the top layer of skin every time you apply lemon juice on the skin. The exfoliation along with the peeling action of lemon will lighten the melasma formation, leaving your skin clear and free from discolouration.
Apply lemon juice on the skin two times every day and leave it for 20 minutes before rinsing off. If you have dry skin, then mix lemon juice with honey which is a natural moisturising agent. This will prevent any drying of the skin after the lemon treatment. Both lemon juice and honey are great stand alone masks for melasma treatment.
5. Melasma Treatment with Onions
Onion is a natural treatment for skin pigmentation, melasma and age spots. Just like lemon, onion too is acidic and helps in skin rejuvenation with its peeling action. The sulphur compounds called sulfoxides present in onions are good for skin peeling and revival. Take onion juice and apply on the area of melasma formation on the skin. Leave it on for 15 minutes before rinsing off. Do this every day and within a week you will have results that are very visible. Onion juice application is also strong enough to remove acne marks and wounds.
If you have very strong melasma formations on the skin, you can prepare a stronger solution by mixing equal amounts of apple cider vinegar to onion and applying it on the face every day. The deep action of acidic apple cider vinegar and onion will act as an unbelievable potion that can set right a host of skin ailments.
6. Apple Cider Vinegar for Melasma Treatment
Again a very potent acidic solution that boasts of great benefits to the skin, apple cider vinegar is highly beneficial for exfoliation and peeling of skin. Once the peeling process starts, one need not say more about the effect of apple cider vinegar on melasma. You will soon be the owner of a clear and bright looking skin.
Organic apple cider vinegar is better for treating skin conditions as they do not have any pesticide content that can harm the skin surface. Dilute apple cider vinegar with equal amounts of water and apply on the skin. Leave it for 5-10 minutes before rinsing it off. You may use this 2-3 times a day for best results.
7. Aloe Vera for Melasma Treatment
Aloe Vera has antioxidant properties that help the skin prevent and reverse damage from sun’s rays and also from free radicals. Mix aloe Vera with vitamin E and primrose oil in order to remove skin discolouration and also to keep the skin free from excess oil and dark patches of the skin.